Happy Ramadan to all of you and hope everyone is following all rules and regulations of lockdown to fight with deadly pandemic covid-19. Today, I thought I must discuss a topic on Tension-type headaches and migraines in eve of current situation where everyone of us are suffering from tremendous anxiety and mental stress and thus resulted in tension – type headaches and migraines. The most common type of headache is a tension-type headache. These are sometimes called stress headaches. A headache is one of the most common reasons people seek medical help. Recent research shows that most headaches are a combination of both tension and migraine. Whether a headache is caused by the muscle tension or the muscle tension results from the headache, treating that muscle tension can provide significant relief from the pain. Tension-type headaches are often due to muscle imbalances in the neck and shoulder muscles. Even though the head is where you feel the pain, the cause is usually a strained muscle in the neck or shoulder area. Many migraine headaches are also caused by muscle imbalances, but some are not. Other factors contributing to a migraine are diet, brain chemical imbalances, lack of water, and hormonal imbalances. Today`s topic, addresses migraines and headaches caused by muscle imbalances. Check with your healthcare provider, as you might have a headache not caused by muscle imbalances or dehydration. Common causes of headaches: Many lifestyle habits can contribute to a headache. The following are some of the most common I have come across in my practice. Poor posture, especially head forward of the body or arms held extended for long periods of time. These postures are typical of driving and computer positions. They put a lot of strain on the neck and shoulder muscles that can lead to a headache. Emotional or mental stress, anxiety, TMJ and/or teeth grinding at night. This kind of stress makes your tight muscles even tighter. Fatigue and/or lack of sleep. Fatigue upsets the chemical balance in the body and can lead to a headache. Dehydration. Lack of water can make your joints and/or muscles ache a lot more and lead to pain in the head. Eyestrain. Eyestrain can cause a headache due to muscle imbalances around the eye. If you wear glasses, make sure your prescription is up to date; if you do not wear glasses, see your eye doctor, as you might need them. Periodically give your eyes a rest. While at the computer, take a break and stare out the window for a few minutes. This shift in attention gives the eye a different focal point and helps to relieve eyestrain. Caffeine withdrawal. When giving up caffeine, always do it slowly. Slowly coming off caffeine and keeping well hydrated can mitigate the effects of withdrawal. Hunger. Low blood sugar can also lead to a headache. Eat a balanced diet at regular intervals to keep the blood sugar even. Do not skip meals. Protein and healthy fat help to keep blood sugar levels more even. Reading in bed with head propped up. This is a common practice that leads to many headaches. This position significantly strains the neck and shoulder muscles. Low or high blood pressure results in headache.
Dr M R Zulfi
Director and Sr Consultant Physiotherapist.
Physio Active Pvt Ltd.