How to become a Physiotherapist in India

The Road less taken has always got its fun ways to make you experience life. Never hesitate to choose a new profession. Maybe it could lead to the success you always craved for.

Have you ever noticed when you are at games and marathons, a person who comes running with a bag whenever someone’s gets hurt or injured. Do you know who that person is? A Physiotherapist!! 3 in every 5 people you meet are opting for physiotherapy to improve and enhance their performance. According to the WHO (World Health Organization ) Physiotherapy is the most demanding fields in the medical profession. Every 10,000 people in India should have access to a physiotherapist.

Given the Indian population, the country’s requirement for physiotherapists is anticipated to be around 1.4 lakh. This reveals that there are large supply and demand gaps for Physiotherapists in India. Given this, physiotherapists have a plethora of job and professional prospects.    

Now, let’s see the basic footprints one should follow in order to How to become a Physiotherapist in India.

Who is a Physiotherapist?

A Physiotherapist is a medical professional who helps patients with physical problems brought on by illness, injury, or ageing. They do their duties in a variety of locations, including a medical ward and a renowned sports team’s stadium. Regardless of your area of expertise, your goal is to heal and restore damaged and ill people. 

Among the patient demographics are infants, the elderly, stroke victims, and people who have had sports-related injuries. The role of a physiotherapist, also known as a physical therapist, is to help patients get back to normalcy through movement, sports massage, therapeutic procedures, and regular exercise without the use of drugs.

Conditions that physiotherapist treat - 

Orthopedic: Back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, arthritis, low back pain, foot conditions, sciatica, knee conditions, joint problems, etc.

  • Neurological: Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, neuropathy (nerve damage), vertigo, cerebral palsy, stroke, concussion, etc.
  • Autoimmune: Fibromyalgia, Raynaud’s syndrome, Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Chronic conditions: Asthma, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, etc.
  • General wellness

Physical examinations, assessments, issue diagnosis, treatment planning, and tracking the success of a treatment all require certification for physiotherapists. X-rays, ultrasounds, and other therapeutic intervention techniques are used by physiotherapists to treat patients.

How to become a Physiotherapist?

A 10+2 in the science stream from an accredited university is the prerequisite. Candidates must have taken Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as their three major subjects in their 10+2 and have a minimum GPA of 50% on their final exam. Additionally, you must succeed in a test for physiotherapy students’ admission. Later, enroll yourself in a degree program.

Additionally, remember to obtain an internship or training certificate. It is not mandatory to get further education. The decision to do so or not is totally up to the individual. On the other side, pursuing a master’s degree improves abilities while also increasing earnings.

The fundamental skills required by a physiotherapist should be Strong communication skills as it is necessary to be able to clearly communicate issues and treatments to customers because a large portion of your work as a physiotherapist will include working directly with your patients. It’s crucial to maintain a cool manner and reassure patients since individuals occasionally have a tendency to become irritated with themselves and their progress. Physical strength is necessary for physiotherapy since it may include holding or lifting patients.

Courses and their Duration - 

There are many different educational levels of physiotherapy courses, including certificate, diploma, UG, PG, and PhD. Depending on their financial situation and educational background, candidates can choose from any of the available courses.

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (B.P.T) – 4.6 years

Master of Physiotherapy (M.P.T.) – 2 Years

The following are some popular courses in this field:

  •   Physiotherapy Bachelor of Science
  •   Rehabilitation and sports treatment (BSc) BSc in Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation with a Foundation Year (Hons)
  •   Conditioning, Strength, and Rehabilitation BSc (Hons)
  •   Foundation Year BSc in Strength, Conditioning, and Rehabilitation (Hons)
  •   Physiotherapy PGD / Diploma
  •   Bachelor of Science in Health Science
  •   Bachelor of Science in Applied Sciences
  •   Physiotherapy Master’s Degree
  •   Master of Medical Practices
  • Advanced Physiotherapy Practices Master’s Degree

Physiotherapists are needed in every aspect of healthcare. They may be employed at a clinic, hospital, nursing home, rehabilitation institution, or at the patient’s residence. Physiotherapists are in high demand. As part of the medical team, young professionals might find positions with good pay in hospitals, offices, or sports teams. One can also work in teaching, research, or management.

After receiving their BPT, physiotherapy students have the option of continuing their studies at a higher level or specializing in the discipline. Graduates of the BPT program can also enroll in postgraduate program in hospital administration, business management, public health management, and other fields.

The typical salary range for a physiotherapist employed by a hospital begins at a minimum of Rs. 5–6 lakhs annually. Depending on the job productivity and the sort of company he or she is working in, compensation rises with experience.

The university is an essential part of a student’s life. Apart from getting appropriate information for a brighter future, you also get to meet new people and create your career according to your preferences. Some of the finest universities for a Physiotherapy degree are listed below:

University of South Australia

  •   University of Birmingham
  •   University of Otago
  •   The University of Sydney
  •   Monash University
  •   The University of Queensland
  •   Charles Sturt University
  •   Kansas State University
  •   University of Illinois   
  •   Curtin University

University is not the same as college! Yes, there will be lectures, and the speakers will be available to answer any questions you may have. BUT, once the practical or lecture is concluded, it is up to you to reinforce that information or schedule a room to perform go over practical sessions with peers. Choosing a University that will help you develop your strengths and enhance your skills is a task, but once you do so.

Now, once you’ve chosen your university and took admission in the same, the story continues. Your next task should be to focus on the

Workload and knowledge which will be delivered swiftly, and learning will occur at a rapid rate. The most Important piece of advice I can provide is to stay on top of your task and notes. It is very tough to stay up if you get behind, so make a strategy for what you want to do and keep track of it. This holds true throughout your academic career.

And because it is such a demanding course, you will become stressed! Absolutely everyone does! Workload, placements, written tests, practical exams – it affects everyone, and there may be moments when you believe you can’t do it or that it’s not for you. This is very typical; I was there! The number of competent persons I’ve spoken with who claimed they felt the same way I did. If things get difficult, don’t be hesitant to talk to someone; friends, professors, and tutors are all available to assist.

Practice Based on Evidence - 

As health care providers, we must ensure that the therapies we provide to our patients are based on the most recent clinical data. Universities will normally address this at some time throughout your degree, but try to become acquainted with evidence early on. Examine various NICE guidelines and become acquainted with their conclusions.

What do they have to say? Examine a current research article in an area of interest to you. Get a sense of the overall organization, structure, and format of the document. A fundamental comprehension of a clinical report will aid you later in your degree.

Specializations - 

There are several courses available. It is entirely dependent on your preferences. Some of the physiotherapy specializations are given below:

  •   Pediatric Physiotherapy
  •   Obstetrics Physiotherapy
  •   Sports Physiotherapy
  •   Physiotherapy in Neurology
  •   Orthopedic Physiotherapy
  •   Geriatrics Physiotherapy
  •   Physiotherapy After Surgery
  •   Cardiovascular Disease Physiotherapy

Roles and Responsibilities - 

Physiotherapy is a promising, exciting, and pleasant vocation since paramedical science plays a rising part and obligation in a hospital context. Physiotherapists with a given country’s license certification have a wealth of opportunities in the health field.

A physiotherapist’s duties include the following:

Patients are treated with electrotherapy modalities such as diathermy, ultrasonic therapy, contrast bath, cryotherapy, hydrocollator, whirlpool therapy, trans-electric muscle stimulation, infrared therapy, ultraviolet therapy, and others, as well as therapeutic workouts performed by automated equipment.

Balance assessment in individuals with neurological diseases Manual therapy, mobilization, tendon manipulation, and other therapies may be used. Gait training in a chair, with or without ambulatory assistance.

Employment Opportunities for Physiotherapist - 

Physiotherapist Consultant in Multi-specialty Hospitals, Health Care Centers, and Non-Governmental Organizations

  •   Multinational Corporations’ Corporate Physiotherapist
  •   Health Care Physiotherapy Instructor in Modern Gyms
  •   Consultant in Ergonomics
  •   Physiotherapists in Special Schools for Physically Disabled Children
  •   Physiotherapists in Senior Care Facilities
  •   Sports physiotherapists work with sports organizations, teams, and outstanding athletes who employ their own physiotherapists.
  •   Lecturer
  •   Clinical Examiner/ Researcher
  •   Private Practitioners running Private Physiotherapy Practice
  • Entrepreneurs in Rehabilitation Centers/ Organizations

Why Become a Physiotherapist?

In India, physiotherapists are handsomely rewarded. When compared to other health-care positions, the starting pay scale is greater.

As people’s quality of life and habits have evolved, so has the need for physiotherapists, and this trend is projected to continue in the near future. As a result, there are more career opportunities for novice therapists.

A physiotherapist is a vital element of the healthcare team whose role it is to return patients to normal without the need of medications via the use of exercise, manual therapy, rehabilitation procedures, and physical activity. A physical therapist’s profession includes assisting patients in recovering and/or rehabilitating from incapacities caused by neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiac, sports, geriatrics, and oncology impairments, among others.

Pros of becoming a Physiotherapist

  • In India, Physiotherapists are well paid. If we compare it to other healthcare industries jobs, physiotherapists’ pay scale is much higher.
  • The demand of Physiotherapy is increasing rapidly solely because of the ever-changing lifestyle and health of people.
  • Any individual who wishes to do this separately has the liberty to do so. It’s not necessary for them to be associated with an organization.
  • There’s an option of commencing your own practice and starting your own clinic according to your terms and conditions.
  • Now, considering the profession it demands an interaction with people of different fields and perspectives which can help you to gain more knowledge and broaden your mind horizon.

Cons of becoming a Physiotherapist

  • TIME, is the main factor that can hamper your personal life. This is because the job of physiotherapist requires time and attention. To know the patient’s problem and understanding it through technical and emotional level will certainly help you treat them better.
  • In order to keep the patient fit and fine, first you need to keep yourself physically fit and active. So, working on your on that can be a task for few but remember it is crucial to do so.
  • A Physiotherapist must have good communications skills. As you should be able to communicate everything clear and simple to the patient. If you’re an introvert or not good at communicating with people this profession is not meant for you.
  • PATIENCE! PATIENCE! PATIENCE! A very important factor that would help you thoroughly. At all cost do not lose your patience. As you have to handle all kinds of people some could be really sensitive or short tempered. But losing your cool can affect your professional life.
  • Following the previous point, it would also require you to do be quite attentive when dealing with patients. Your attention can help you analyze the issue with more accuracy.


No matter what profession you choose you can never stop learning. READ! READ! READ! Always have the willingness to explore and learn. Also, BE PROFESSIONAL!! This way you’ll accomplish a decent respect in your profession. Be more than just a put-band-aid on your patients’ wounds kind a therapist, find the root cause and treat that sucker!! 

Blog By: Physio Active India

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Physio Active India  – The Wellness Hub has been conceptualized by Dr. MR. Zulfi and Dr. D M. Manoj, With their specialization in Physiotherapy and Sports Rehabilitation, their team of best physiotherapists…