Physiotherapy after sport injury surgeries

In the modern era, rehabilitation after sports injury has become a domain for specialists, and its evolution has necessarily brought together the sports physiotherapist, the sports physician, and the orthopaedic surgeon.

The changing profile of sports related injury, as well as limited availability of facilities for rehabilitation in many areas of India, is a matter of concern. Elite sportspersons have some protection, but the average athlete is often left to fend for himself. Key factors in successful sports injury rehabilitation protocols are the application of modern rehabilitation protocols under appropriate supervision, appropriate and well timed surgical interventions, and judicious and need based use of pharmaceutical agents.

Modern rehabilitation protocols emphasize teamwork and proper rehabilitation planning, and the rehabilitation team has to be led by a trained sports physiotherapist, with an understanding of the protocols and interventions required at various stages.

Sports injuries are different from regular injuries and mainly affect an athlete. Sports injuries happen while participating in sports, training and or exercises. Overtraining, lack of conditioning, and inappropriate technique of performing a certain task leads to sport injuries. Neglecting to warm up prior to exercising or playing any physical sports also increases the risk of injuries. Although, sports injuries are mainly found in athletes involved with any form of physical sports, there are another species of athletes – the weekend athletes (engaging in sports only during weekend).

This kind of “athletes” are actually more prone to such injuries, owing to their sedentary work week and the sudden weekend physical exploits that are bound to take its toll on their bodies.

An athletes put their body under a lot of pressure, which sometimes leads to wear and tear in the muscles, joints and bones. Sports injuries treatment is better dealt with the help of sports physiotherapy, which is the particular branch of physiotherapy which manages injuries and physical issues associated with athletes. Sports physiotherapist helps the athletes in making recovery and also provides some education on the prevention of further injuries. Sports physiotherapists have sports specific knowledge and as such are better apt in helping the athletes make rapid recovery.

SUFFERING WITH A SPORTS INJURY? THE MOST COMMON SPORTS INJURIES

Whether it’s a throwing injury or the result of a hard tackle many individuals suffer from serious sports injuries and conditions and don’t even know it. Sports injuries can be of any type depend on games and athletes style. Let’s take a look at some of the most common sports injuries.

CONCUSSIONS
Concussions are traumatic brain injuries (TBI) caused by a direct or indirect blow to the head or neck. Millions of athletes suffer concussions annually making it one of the most prevalent athletic injuries.

BONE FRACTURES AND STRESS FRACTURES
Bone fractures and stress fractures occur as a result of a direct trauma or continuous stress over time. Today, nearly half of all stress fractures affect the lower leg.

JOINT DISLOCATIONS
Sudden rotations or direct impact to a joint may result in a dislocation. This injury is often painful and will require immediate medical attention. Dislocated shoulders, wrist, knee and dislocated fingers occur frequently during athletic competition.

LIGAMENTS OR CONNECTIVE TISSUE SPORTS INJURIES
Collisions, quick pivots, or squatting motions during activity can lead to cartilage damage, ligament tears, and tendon ruptures.

MUSCLE INJURIES
Overuse syndrome, forceful actions some time injured muscles very badly on and off game. Poor eccentric loading and weaken muscles action with poor biomechanical action are one the biggest reason seen in young athletes at beginner and intermediate stage.

What is Sports injury rehabilitation?

Sports injury rehabilitation or ‘rehab’ is a structured programme designed by physiotherapists for people who have sustained a sporting injury. Depending on the type of injury you have sustained, your programme will include a number of parts which may include strengthening exercises, mobilising, pain relief techniques and functional skills. At Physio.co.uk, we aim to maximise recovery by tailoring the rehabilitation to your individual goals and monitoring your progress throughout.

What are the benefits of sports injury rehab?

Our specialist musculoskeletal physiotherapists will work with you to provide a thorough rehabilitation programme which will encourage a number of benefits including:

  • Overall Functional strengthening plan
  • Safer and faster recovery and return to sport
  • Strengthening weakened muscle groups
  • Reducing any pain and inflammation from your injury
  • Maintaining cardiovascular fitness whilst you are out of sport
  • Minimising the risk of future injuries
  • Improving your flexibility and coordination
  • Advice on correct footwear and equipment

Who will benefit from sports injury rehab?

Whether you have been injured whilst playing high level sport or during recreational activity, the physiotherapists at Physio Active will be able to design you a full rehabilitation programme to help you get back to full fitness. Our physiotherapists have a vast amount of experience in treating a wide variety of sports injuries including:

  • Recent or chronic injuries
  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures or tears in the knee
  • Shoulder dislocation or separation
  • Rotator cuff injuries
  • Frozen shoulder syndrome
  • Stress fractures
  • Pulled hamstrings

How does sports injury rehabilitation help?
Your rehabilitation programme designed by our dedicated musculoskeletal team will improve your recovery in the following ways:

  • Breaking down scar tissue and promote the healing of tissues
  • Stretching muscles and ligaments to increase range of movement
  • Relieve any muscle spasm or stiffness
  • Increasing lubrication and nutrition of injured and unaffected joints
  • Removes chemicals in the injured area that are causing pain
  • Builds up weakened muscles to regain full function

When Surgery Is only Option For Your Sports Injury?

Let’s say you’ve changed your lifestyle, tried in experienced physical therapy, and your sports injury is still holding you back. If your symptoms cannot be managed with nonsurgical treatments or your functional plateau is keeping you from your active lifestyle it may be time to consider surgery. Surgery is required when-

  • Pain is not resolved with regular conservative treatment
  • When athlete performance is reduced after fitness regime
  • When Biomechanics is not balanced due to regular pain and poor muscles functions.
  • Recurrent pain and joint injuries after using corrective device.

Physio active, one of the advanced Sport physiotherapy clinic in Gurgaon working alongside with aims to restore movement and function of an individual who is affected by injury, illness or disability.

At Physio active, the sports physiotherapy comprises of service for physical testing/screening, physical training, nutrition and mental training, surgical intervention and re-habitation program to treat injuries, enhance performance and maintain a desired fitness level. Most athletes are recommended a physiotherapy program after their injuries to aid in their recovery and also provides education and advice for health promotion, disease and injury prevention

There are several sports injuries that are known to benefit from physiotherapy. From ligament sprains to muscle sprains, fractures and dislocations – it is all about treating the injury professionally and being guided in every step of the way.

The main goals of physiotherapy and rehabilitation in sports injury cases include:

  • Planning exercises regimes to help return athlete to pre-injury function at functional site.
  • Personalized exercise prescription is used to improve mobility restrictions.
  • Preventive Injury methods and diagnosis for athletes through screening process and exercise
  • Helps achieve peak athletic performance.
  • Monitoring of athlete

Basic Sports physiotherapy plan

Athlete need to maintain high level of physicality which lead to various recurrent injuries. Post-surgical sport rehabilitations are very important like regular practice and corrective devices. Physiotherapist had study athletes’ complete history of injury, type of injury, kind of surgery and it complications. Athletes is suffering from many underlying muscular problems and abnormal movement patterns. Pre and Post physiotherapy play very important role in complete recovery of athlete after surgery. Pre physiotherapy help in maintain muscles conditioning and Endurance of athlete. Sport surgical rehabiliton include-

  • Pre- surgical assessment of whole body (To avoid lack of support for other joints and muscles)
  • Pre- surgery training for prevention of loss of muscles weakness and wasting.
  • Active non-operated limb exercises
  • Proper training of whole body (breathing exercise, Diet management, Vital sign management)
  • Selection of corrective device
  • Planning of post-surgical programme according to game events with athlete, coach and team management

Stages of Post-surgical sports physiotherapy

  • Surgery recovery
  • Rebuilding Motion and Strength
  • Protected Reloading and Reconditioning
  • Restoring endurance and cardiopulmonary capacity
  • Sport Specific Strength, Conditioning and Skills
  • Return to sports

Physiotherapy now a days evolved a lot with demand of sports and its rising competitions. Now a day every athlete wants to return on ground early with proper strength and functional capacity. At Physio Active we focus on proper rehabilitation of post-surgical area with speedy recovery on training schedule. We look on general body condition and focus of basic strength of body.

  • Balancing training
  • Strengthening Exercise
  • Proprioceptive training
  • Non-surgical limb support
  • Endurance training
  • Wireless pro support in active recovery
  • Alter- G support for leg surgery –it help in fast recovery and strengthen of operated leg (joint, ligament, tendon via weight bearing function of brain)
  • Advanced Joint manipulation and Taping for early mobility support.

Benefits of Physical Therapy After Surgery

Surgery can temporarily restrict your range of motion. If you are experiencing difficulty with your ability to move, physical therapy can help. Depending on your unique physical therapy needs, assistive devices such as canes and crutches can help ensure your safety while you recover. Few reasons why you will benefit from physical therapy after surgery:

  • Enhanced Mobility.
  • Improved Blood Circulation.
  • Pain Reduction or Elimination.
  • Better Muscle Function.
  • Improved Balance.
  • Strengthened Core.
  • Cardio-pulmonay functional capacity

Conclusion

Sports Injury Rehabilitation is critical to help ensure you return to the activities you love as quickly and as safely as possible. The application of sports physiotherapy is limitless with a host of benefits. The regular exercises can help athletes to revitalize their bodies and keep them fit. Physical therapy in sports also helps maintain muscle strength, flexibility, balance, and posture, all of which are geared towards achieving optimal performance.

Effective rehabilitation should always be a staged process aimed at promoting recovery, expediting return to sport, optimizing performance, and preventing re-injury. Injuries in sport happen; however, your recovery time can depend on the severity of the injury, effective management and accurate diagnosis. For some injuries, healing will take a couple of days or weeks. For others, however, recovery time frames can be protracted. Regardless of the overall duration, through injury rehabilitation, is critical, and effective management is typically undertaken in a staged approach.

Physio active with experienced team are always committed to providing state-of-the-art clinical care for athletes of all ages and skill levels. Although you may be injured, you can still stay in shape, and can use the injury period as an opportunity to strengthen other areas of the body.

A personal, committed investment in healing is a strategy that will help you regain optimal performance. If you need help working through this process, you can find out more at www.physioactiveindia.com and book online.

Published by

Dr Yogendra Patel

Senior Consultant - Physio Active, MPT (Sports Medicine) Sport Injury Specialist Dr Yogendra S Patel is Masters in Sports Medicine Physiotherapy practicing from the past 13yrs in Gurgaon. He himself.an sports person played at state level cricket & badminton tournaments. He is very active in between Cricket player of Gurgaon & first choice as a consultant for badminton, cricket & other sports players. His extensive knowledge on Dry-needling, Sports Taping & Body mechanics makes him first & effective choice for athletes in solving many issues for beginner & elite sports performance.